Library Of Celsus at Ephesus History and Facts

Library of Celsus Facts

Library Of Celsus at Ephesus History and Facts

Library of Celsus is a marvelous structure that was built by the Romans. It was dedicated to governor of Ephesus, Celsus Polemaeanus. This ancient building is one of the best place to take photos in Ephesus Ancient City. Altough the building was severely damaged during an earthquake, the striking facade of the building still remains.

Nowadays the Library of Celsus represents the Ephesus Ancient City. This Greco-Roman ruins are one of the most popular ancient site in Turkey. It’s the most visited museum in Turkey alongside with the Hagia Sophia and Topkapi Palace which are located in Istanbul.

Millions of visitors flock to the Ephesus during the high season. The busy season starts with the spring (April) and lasts until the end of autumn (November). The Ephesus is literally packed when cruise ships dock at the Kusadasi Town. If you are interested in a private guided tour to Ephesus, you may visit our homepage.

Ephesus Ancient City

Celsus Library of Ephesus history
Ephesus Ancient City

Who Built The Library Of Celsus?

Celsus Polemaeanus, was a prominant senator in the Roman Senate during the reign of Trajan. Afterwards Celsus Polemaeanus had been appointed as the governor of Asian provinces. As the Ephesus was the capital of Eastern Mediterranean provinces of Roman Empire,  Celsus was dominating a very large portion of Asia Minor.

Following the retirement of Celsus, his son Tiberius Julius Aquila decided to build a great structure in the name of his father. Then he started to build one of the most beautiful library in the history of the world.

Library of Celsus is The Gem Of Ephesus

Celsus Library of Ephesus facts
Photos of The Library

When Was The Library Of Celsus Built?

Tiberius Julius Aquila entrusted skilled architects to build the unique library in the center of Ephesus city. However Aquila’s father Celsus Polemaeanus died in 114 A.D. and he was buried next to this elegant building. The Library of Celsus was opened to public service in 117 A.D with a great ceremony.

The Facade Of Library

The Library

Where Is Library Of Celsus Located?

Nowadays, The Library of Celsus is a part of Ephesus Ancient City. Ephesus is located in the Seljuk province of Izmir, Turkey. Ephesus is considered as the best-preserved Greco-Roman site in Turkey.

Ephesus was once the capital of Ionian League, meaning the capital of Greek cities in Western Anatolia. It was the most significant harbour city in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. This was the reason that the Romans paid utmost attention to this strategically located ancient city.

Splendid Facade and Sculptures

Facade and Statues

Library of Celsus Facts

  • The Library used to contain 12.000 parchment rolls in its rooms.
  • The Library was built on the main road of Ephesus ancient city. (Curetes Street)
  • The Library is considered as the 3rd largest library of the ancient ages.

Unfortunately the library severely damaged because of an earthquake which took place in Western Anatolia. Facade of the building survived while the other parts were demolished.

The Library is considered as one of the two most significant ruins of Ephesus city. Alongside with the Temple Of Artemis considered as the most important ruins left from ancient ages.

Ephesus Ancient City Panoramic View

Ephesus Ancient City Panoramic View

Celsus Library blog post by Serhat Engul

History and Facts about The Library of Celsus at Ephesus

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